(Caption: Iron shackles from the 18th or 19th century, from the Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture)
DIFFICULT SUBJECTS 2020-21:
Hasan Kwame Jeffries, Associate Professor of History
About the Difficult Subjects: K-12 Teaching Institute
The K-12 Institute on Teaching Difficult Subjects will bring together twenty elementary, middle and high school teachers from Central Ohio for a year-long exploration of multidisciplinary approaches to understanding and teaching a difficult subject in America’s past and present.
'Difficult subjects' are those that center on the experiences of historically-marginalized groups in America — experiences that have had a profound effect on the lives of marginalized people, not only over the course of individual lifetimes but across multiple generations. These experiences have also significantly shaped the contours and trajectory of American society as a whole. To teach the American experience accurately and effectively, difficult subjects have to be unpacked and explored. For its inaugural year, the institute will focus on American slavery.
Why American slavery?
The institute has chosen to explore slavery during its inaugural year because slavery is foundational to America. From the colonial era through the Civil War, slavery was the pivot around which America turned. It drove American economic growth and territorial expansion and profoundly influenced American culture and society.
The importance of teaching American slavery in 2020
The importance of teaching American slavery accurately and effectively has taken on added urgency in recent days. In the wake of the murders of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor by police in Minneapolis and Louisville, and following the nation-wide protests demanding that their killers be brought to justice, students need to understand the deep roots of racism and the enduring legacy of slavery in order to make sense of the times in which we live. As teachers, we are dutybound to help students comprehend difficult subjects. This institute aims to provide you with the tools to do just that.
Content workshops are the heart of the institute. These will be led by scholars from Ohio State’s College of Arts and Sciences who have an expertise in history, literature, art, music and performance. Recognizing the value of practice, the institute will also bring in teaching experts to share pedagogical techniques, as well as multicultural curriculum developers to provide instruction on complementing and supplementing State of Ohio standards pertaining to difficult subjects.
What will participants get out of this experience?
The aim of the institute is threefold:
1. To deepen K-12 teachers’ knowledge of the complexity and centrality of difficult subjects in the American experience.
2. To facilitate curriculum development for teaching difficult subjects in accordance with state standards.
3. To share best practices for teaching difficult subjects and develop new practices in collaboration with the teacher participants.
Program design and schedule
Teaching difficult subjects accurately and effectively is extremely hard. The material tends to be challenging intellectually and emotionally for all who engage it. Teaching remotely only compounds associated challenges. Understanding this, the institute draws heavily on culturally-responsive teaching methodologies that can be applied to teaching difficult subjects in person and remotely, synchronously and asynchronously. And rather than approach difficult subjects from the top down, the institute approaches these topics from the bottom-up and the inside-out, spotlighting the experiences and perspectives of historically-marginalized and maligned groups.
Since American history through the Civil War is taught as a single, year-long course of study in eighth-grade classrooms in Ohio, and in order to help teachers make immediate use of knowledge gained through their participation in the institute — this year’s exploration of American slavery has been designed to line up with the State of Ohio’s recommended course of study for eight-grade social studies.
Having elementary, middle and high school teachers as a part of the institute reflects the guiding pedagogical belief that teaching difficult subjects effectively requires scaffolding, or introducing difficult subjects to students early in their educational journey and complicating their understanding of these subjects as they mature. Having teachers who specialize in a range of arts and humanities subjects also reflects a fundamental pedagogical belief that difficult subjects are best learned across the curriculum, rather than in isolated subject areas.
The institute will also work intentionally to foster community among the teacher participants. The goal is to enhance the learning experience of the teacher participants by cultivating group centered relationships over the course of the year through multiple meetings, starting with online webinars in summer and autumn 2020; continuing with an experiential-learning field trip to the National Underground Railroad and Freedom Center in Cincinnati, Ohio in spring 2021; and culminating with a 3-day, on-campus, curriculum development workshop in summer 2021.
- Webinar 1 | Wednesday, June 10
- Webinar 2 | Wednesday, June 24
"Teaching American Slavery Remotely" featuring Dr. Kate Shuster, Teaching Tolerance Division, Southern Poverty Law Center
- Webinar 3 | Wednesday, July 15
"Teaching American Slavery Remotely" using Freedom On The Move online database of fugitive slave advertisements, Dr. Edward Baptist, History Department, Cornell University
- Webinar 4 | Saturday, September 19
"Teaching the Roots of American Slavery: The Middle Passage and Indigenous Enslavement"
- Webinar 5 | Saturday, November 14
"Teaching Slavery, the American Revolution and the U.S. Constitution"
- Field Experience | Saturday, February 27
Primary Source Workshop: "Teaching Slavery and Resistance during the Antebellum Era at the National Underground Railroad and Freedom Center"
- Webinar 6 | Saturday, April 10
"Teaching Slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction"
Teaching American Slavery Accurately and Effectively in Classrooms with Four Walls and No Walls
3-day Curriculum Development Workshop
Sunday, June 6 - Wednesday, June 9
Teacher participants will receive a $1,500 stipend for successfully completing the institute. A disbursement of $500 will be made in autumn 2020, and a disbursement of $1,000 will be made in summer 2021. They may also be eligible for Continuing Education Units.
Contact institute leader Hasan Kwame Jeffries (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Jeffries is an associate professor of African American history in the Department of History at The Ohio State University where he teaches courses on African American history.
He was born in Brooklyn, New York, and graduated summa cum laude from Morehouse College with a BA in history in 1994. At Morehouse, he was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa Honor Society and was initiated into the Pi Chapter of Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc. He earned his PhD in American history with a specialization in African American history from Duke University in 2002. He taught for a year at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, before joining the faculty at The Ohio State University in 2003.
Jeffries is the author of Bloody Lowndes: Civil Rights and Black Power in Alabama’s Black Belt, which tells the remarkable story of the African American freedom struggle in Lowndes County, Alabama. Bloody Lowndes won the Alabama Historical Association’s 2010 Clinton Jackson Coley Award for the best book on local Alabama history.
From 2010 to 2014, he served as the lead historian and primary scriptwriter for the $27 million renovation of the National Civil Rights Museum at the Lorraine Hotel in Memphis, Tennessee. In this capacity, he helped generate and implement design concepts and write the text for all exhibit areas.
Jeffries work on the NCRM renovation project deepened his commitment to public history, leading him to promote the understanding and appreciation of African American history and culture in new and exciting ways in order to reach as wide an audience as possible. Building on his work with the museum, he has conducted teacher development workshops across the country. To reach an even wider audience of teachers, he edited Understanding and Teaching the Civil Rights Movement, a collection of original essays on civil rights history and pedagogy written by nearly two-dozen civil rights scholars and master teachers. In addition, he has worked closely with the Southern Poverty Law Center’s Teaching Tolerance division to produce a major national report entitled Teaching Hard History: American Slavery. He also hosts the companion podcast of the same name.
To reach the broader public, Jeffries has lectured extensively on the Black experience at a wide range of colleges and universities, has made scores of media appearances locally and nationally and has served as a featured historian on the Emmy nominated, four-hour documentary Black America Since MLK: And Still I Rise.